The Story behind International Women's Day, Why we celebrate this on March 8?
This idea first came into the mind of Theresa Serber Malkiel. She was born on 18 May in the year 1874 in a city called Bar (Ukraine) under the Russian Empire.
New Delhi: International Women's Day is celebrated on 8 March every year across the world. On this occasion, women are made to realize how important they are. They are honored and special programs are organized for them. But do you know when the day started celebrating this day or why this day goes (Why We Celebrate Women’s Day)? So let's know the answers to these questions today.
Women's Day Story:
However, celebrating Women's Day started more than a century ago. Women’s Day was first organized by the Socialist Party of America in 1909 in New York. The date they had chosen was 28 February. But then after about a century, International Women's Day started being organized all over the world.
But the woman who was behind this idea, due to which it was possible to celebrate this day, is rarely remembered.
Theresa Serber Malkiel:
This idea first came into the mind of Theresa Serber Malkiel. She was born on 18 May in the year 1874 in a city called Bar (Ukraine) under the Russian Empire. She was from a middle-class Jewish family. Malkile spent the early years of her life in the Tsar’s empire, in which anti-Semitism was strong.
In the last decade of the 19th century, many restrictions were imposed on the Jews, which led to the mass migration of the people of this community. Most people turned to America.
Malkile was the first woman who advised to celebrate 'National Women's Day' in America. This was the notion, which gradually began to be adopted by the whole of Europe.
Strong Voice for women:
In her last days, she became a strong voice in the women's suffrage campaign. Like other women in America, she started working in a New York shop for employment. Here she used to work as a clockmaker. Clockmakers were said to be workers who worked in the textile industry.
In the same year she formed the Women's Infant Clockmaker's Union. This was the first organization that focused on the needs of women. From a factory, she also became the leader of the Socialist Party. She started a parallel movement for women in 1907.