Petrol, Diesel prices cut by Rs 2.50/litre; some states follow suit
New Delhi: In a relief to consumers hit hard by the unrelenting rise in fuel prices, the government on Thursday cut petrol and diesel prices by Rs 2.50 per litre that will result in a revenue loss of Rs.10,500 crore in six months.
It also asked the states to effect a similar cut so that the relief could be to the tune of Rs.5 per litre. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat governments have announced an additional Rs 2.50 per litre cut on prices of petrol and diesel.
Announcing the much sought-after relief, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley told a press conference that the cut will be effected through slashing of excise duty to the tune of Rs.1.50 per litre while the oil marketing companies (OMCs) will absorb the impact to the tune of Re one.
"I am also writing to the states to make corresponding cuts in VAT of equivalent amount so that consumers get Rs 5 relief in retail prices," he said.
"The notification in this regard (giving a relief of Rs.2.50) will be issued today and prices will be applicable immediately afterwards," he said.
Last month, the governments of Karnataka, West Bengal, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh cut taxes on petrol and diesel.
Jaitley also said the revenue impact of the decision would amount to around Rs 10,500 crore for the rest of the fiscal, which amounts to "only 0.05 per cent of the fiscal deficit".
The Minister expressed confidence about meeting the fiscal deficit target despite the excise duty cut, saying increased revenue collections would absorb the impact of the cuts.
"The government's aim is to give relief to the consumer by increasing their purchasing power without impacting the fiscal deficit," he said.
Jaitley said the decision to give relief to consumers was necessitated by the uncertainty regarding the international oil prices and was made possible by better-than-expected revenue collections.
"The government's capacity to provide relief is only when domestic factors are strong," he said.
It is only the international factors, primarily rising prices of crude and domestic policy and other measures like the interest rate hike by the US, which have affected India, Jaitley said adding domestic indicators were strong and stable.
Except the Current Account Deficit (CAD), which is directly linked to oil prices, all other data are encouraging, he said.
The minister also maintained that Thursday's decision did not represent a re-regulation of fuel prices.
Responding to a query about state governments following suit with similar tax cuts, Jaitley said that this measure would be a "a test for all state governments, especially those whose leaders have been demanding cuts while paying lip service to people".
While the Centre received a fixed revenue from excise duty on oil, states imposed ad valorem VAT in percentage terms which go upto as high as 31 per cent, the minister said.
"When the prices go up the Centre receives a fixed amount per litre, whereas the revenue of states go up. So it is easier for states to forego a part of the additional revenue that they receive due to price increase.
"Last time it were only the NDA ruled states, which made the VAT reductions after the RS 2 excise cut by the Centre last year," he said.
Transport fuel prices have continued on a daily record-breaking upward movement with petrol inching closer to Rs 84 in Delhi and having already crossed the Rs 91 a litre mark in Mumbai.
Brent crude oil hit $86 per barrel on Wednesday, recording its highest level in 4 years.